When a couple is unable to conceive after having 6 months to one year of unprotected intercourse. That condition is known as infertility. It can occur due to a number of reasons such as low sperm count, uterine lining problems, PCOS, low motility sperm, anti-sperm antibodies etc. Due to this, the couple may face a lot of stress in terms of delay in the pregnancy. It can take a toll on both their mental health too. However, there are a lot of assisted reproduction treatments available to help such couples. Let’s throw some light on the various assisted reproduction techniques and options to help such couples achieve their parenting dream. Shanvi IVF is the best fertility center in Agra for both male and female problems.

What are the Risk factors for infertility?

  • Advanced Age (women above 35 years and men above 40 years have more chances of facing infertility).
  • Diabetes.
  • Eating disorders.
  • Excessive alcohol
  • Exposure to environmental toxins (lead and pesticides).
  • Over-exercising.
  • Sexually transmitted infections(STIs).
  • Smoking.
  • Stress.
  • Weight problems (obesityor underweight).

What are risk factors for female infertility?

Infertility in women can occur due to any issue in the reproductive or hormonal system. A lot of factors such as a sedentary lifestyle, and related medical conditions, advancing age, genetic predisposition, all contribute to the onset of infertility. If you are going through any such conditions, then taking timely treatment will help in achieving a successful pregnancy. 

  • Abnormal menstruation.
  • Blocked fallopian tubes.
  • Past ectopic (tubal) pregnancy.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease.
  • Primary ovarian insufficiency (ovary is unable to produce eggs or not producing them regularly)
  • Anemia.
  • Ovarian Cysts
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Uterine problems, including endometriosis, uterine fibroidsand uterine polyps.
  • Thyroid disease.

How is female infertility diagnosed?

  • Pelvic exam: It is the basic procedure a gynecologist performs to check the health of the vulva and its related structures. It is essential to check for any lumps or abnormalcy etc. During the pelvic exam, the doctor will examine the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and cervix for any signs of inflammation or blockage. The doctor may also take samples from the pelvic area to test for infections or other conditions that could be causing infertility. Such an exam is essential to detect any tumors or any unusual changes in the female reproductive system.
  • Blood Test: These tests are helpful in finding out any systemic problem, related medical conditions, or hormone levels. Blood tests give the foremost idea to the fertility specialist to find the root cause of the problem.  These tests measure hormone levels in the blood, which can indicate whether a woman is ovulating properly or if her hormones are unbalanced. By understanding the role of hormones in fertility, doctors can better understand the underlying cause of infertility and provide more effective treatments. Additionally, these tests can help identify any other conditions that may be contributing to infertility. With this information, couples are able to make informed decisions about their reproductive health and take steps toward achieving their goals of having a family.
  • Transvaginal Ultrasound:

    Commonly known as TVS, this type of ultrasound is taken by inserting the ultrasound probe into the vagina. This may feel a bit uncomfortable but not painful at all. A condom and a gel are applied to the probe before insertion to make the experience more comfortable. This ultrasound shows the cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries and other organs. It helps in detecting the issues with the uterine lining, any unusual growths like polyps or fibroids, etc. This helps in treating the cause of infertility. 

  • Hysteroscopy: This procedure is performed like transvaginal ultrasound to examine the insides of the uterus, especially to diagnose the polyps and fibroids The provider inserts a thin, lighted tube (hysteroscope) into the vagina to examine the uterus.

     It also helps in performing a tissue biopsy if required.

  • Laparoscopy: Pelvic Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that helps to diagnose and treat female reproductive system problems. It involves the use of a laparoscope, which is a thin, lighted tube with a camera attached to it, to examine the female reproductive organs. This procedure can also be used to treat certain types of infertility by correcting any anatomical issues or removing scar tissue such as in the case of fibroid removal, endometriosis or ovarian cyst treatment etc

What are risk factors for male infertility?

Although male infertility is getting more common day by day, understanding some risk factors that can help in keeping such things in check.

  • Varicocele or enlarged veins may not be painful but they can decrease the sperm count multi folds.  
  • Tight clothing can also increase the testicle temperature.
  • Injury to the scrotum or testicles.
  • Low sperm count or low testosterone (hypogonadism).
  • Premature ejaculation.
  • Testicular cancer and treatments.

How is male infertility diagnosed?

  • Semen Analysis: The seminal fluid is analyzed in the lab to check the sperm count, sperm motility, and sperm shape. Abnormally shaped sperm, slow-moving sperm, and low sperm count are the main reasons behind male infertility. In such cases, the best Fertility Centre in Agra can help you with IVF treatments and other assisted reproduction techniques. 
  • Blood Test: These tests check the overall and hormonal health of the patient such as the level of testosterone and FSH hormones etc. Blood tests are a safe and non-invasive way to diagnose male infertility, making them a valuable tool in helping couples achieve their goal of having a child.
  • Scrotal Ultrasound: This ultrasound detects the testicles and the related structures to find the swelling, size, and any sign of injury as well. These images can help identify any abnormalities or blockages that may be causing infertility. Scrotal ultrasound can detect many male reproductive conditions like testicular torsion, hydrocele and varicocele etc.

What are fertility treatment options for all genders?

Fertility treatment options have become increasingly accessible to all genders. With advances in medical technology, there are now a variety of fertility treatments available to people of all gender identities and sexual orientations. From in-vitro fertilization (IVF) to surrogacy and egg freezing, these treatments offer hopeful parents the chance to have a family.

  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI): Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a fertility treatment that helps couples who are struggling to conceive. It involves placing specially prepared sperm into the uterus of the female partner, near the time of ovulation. IUI can help improve the chances of conception by increasing the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes and increasing their chances of fertilizing an egg. It is a relatively simple procedure with minimal risks and side effects, making it a popular choice for couples looking to increase their chances of conceiving.
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF): In vitro fertilization (IVF) is an advanced fertility treatment that helps couples who are struggling to conceive. It involves retrieving eggs from the female partner and combining them with sperm from the male partner in a laboratory dish. After the embryos are created, they are transferred into the uterus of the female partner, where they can implant and result in a successful pregnancy. IVF has helped millions of couples worldwide become parents and is now one of the most common fertility treatments available.
  • Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI): An embryologist (highly specialized lab technician) directly injects a single sperm into each of the harvested eggs and then a provider transfers an embryo into the uterus. This procedure is similar to IVF.
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